干货 | 法律英语词义辨析:居间人

天成林 1999-10-24 05:38:07 热度:8451°C

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告别冬季,你走进三月,开始拥抱属于自己的春天。

春天到了,万物复苏,学习的步伐也不能停止哦,“居间人”词义辨析带给大家。

Broker / intermediary / jobber / finder / middleman

中间人,居间人

1

Broker

n.经纪人;中间人;代理人

一种商业代理人,作为货物买卖的代理人,其业务是撮合买卖双方当事人达成协议,或者受托于买主一方为其寻找卖主,或者受托于卖主一方为其寻找买主。因此所得的报酬称为佣金,一般按照所售货物价款的一定比例计算,但其并不占有这些货物或货物产权文书。经纪人对合同不承担个人责任,但保险经纪人例外,后者通常可以自己的名义起诉要求支付保险费。其与代销商[ factor]不同,前者通常以委托人的名义签订合同,后者则既可以委托人名义也可以自己的名义签订合同;前者只是当事人之间的协调谈判者,不占有或控制合同项下的货物,后者则可以占有或控制货物。经纪人的业务范围可以是动产、不动产或服务,而且针对不同的对象可分成各种专业经纪人,例如房地产经纪人[ real estate broker]、股票经纪人[ stockbroker]、保险经纪人[ insurance broker]和海运经纪人[ shipbroker]。(commission merchant; factor)

——元照英美法词典

干货 | 法律英语词义辨析:居间人

1. One who is engaged for another, usu. On a commission, to negotiate contracts relating to property in which he or she has no custodial or proprietary interest.

2. An agent who acts as an intermediary or negotiator, esp. between prospective buyers and sellers; a person employed to make bargains and contracts between other persons in matters of trade, commerce, or navigation. broker differs from a factor because the broker usu. does not have possession of the property. Cf. FACTOR.

3. Securities. A person engaged in the business of conductingsecurities transactions for the accounts of others.

"The most important determining factor of what constitutes a "broker’ is whether the party is dealing for itself or for another, A broker may, by contract, have title to property pass through it (though usually it does not), and it may, by contract, collect from the consumer, but a broker does not deal on its account. Two preliminary requirementsmust be met for a finding that an individual is acting as a broker: (1) the person is acting for compensation; and (2) the person is acting on behalf of someone else. "

——Black"s Law Dictionary

2

Intermediary

n.

①仲裁人;调解人

②中间人;中介人;经纪人;中介组织

——元照英美法词典

A mediator go-between; a third-party negotiator.

informed intermediary. (1979) Products liability. Someone who is in the chain of distribution from the manufacturer to the consumer and who knows the risks of the product. -Also termed learned intermediary.

——Black"s Law Dictionary

3

Jobber

干货 | 法律英语词义辨析:居间人

n.

①中间商;批发商

指从制造商处进货再转卖给零售商的人,常与 wholesaler、 middleman等混用。

②股票经纪人;证券商

该词包括代理他人从事股票买卖的经纪人与以自己的账户从事投机交易的证券商。在英国,专指在伦敦证券交易所买卖股票的经纪人。亦作stock jobber。

——元照英美法词典

1. Someone who buys from a manufacturer and sells to a retailer, a wholesaler or middleman.

2. A middleman in the exchange of securities among brokers; specif., one who works on a stock exchange by buying shares, etc., from brokers and selling them to other brokers. -Also termed stockjobber; stock-jobber.

3. Someone who works by the job; a contractor.

——Black"s Law Dictionary

4

Finder

n.

①拾得人;发现人

②居间人;经纪人;中间人

1. An intermediary who brings together parties for a business opportunity, such as two companies for a merger, a borrower and a financial institution, an issue and an underwriter of securities, or a seller and a buyer or real estate. A finder differs from a broker-dealer because the finder merely brings two parties together to make their own contract, while a broker-dealer usu. participates in the negotiations. See INTERMEDIARY.

干货 | 法律英语词义辨析:居间人

2. Someone who discovers an object, often a lost or mislaid chattel.

——Black"s Law Dictionary

5

Middleman

n.

①居间人

指为双方当事人提供缔约机会而不参与协商的人,如在卖方与买方、生产者与消费者、土地所有人与承租人间履行经纪义务的人。

②中间代理人

指作为本人的代理人并依本人明示或默示授权委托复代理人的人。

③转卖人

指自某人买受某物并将该物出卖的人,如将商品自生产者买受后出卖给消费者的零售商。

——元照英美法词典

An intermediary or agent between two parties; esp. a dealer (such as a wholesaler) who buys from producers and sells to retailers or consumers.

——Black"s Law Dictionary

(实习编辑助理:赵婉婷)

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