干货 | 法律英语词义辨析:调解

空空空 1999-10-27 08:19:44 热度:3828°C

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调解

Mediation

Conciliation

Reconciliation

Settlement

Compromise

Mediation

中文释义

干货 | 法律英语词义辨析:调解

n.❶调解。由中立的第三方——调解人,以私人和非正式名义,协助争议双方达成和解的争议解决程序,无强制力;❷调停。为保持国际社会的和平与安全而由中医的第三国运用其影响力善意地介入他国的争议并帮助调停纷争。

▲强调第三方参与进行调节的程序和过程,其目的是通过改程序以促进争议得以解决。

英文释义

①A method of non binding dispute resolution involving a neutral third party who tries to help the disputing parties reach a mutually agreeable solution;

②Int'l law. A process whereby a neutral country helps other countries peacefully resolve disputes between them.

Conciliation

中文词义

n.❶和解指争议双方以友好协商、达成一致的方式来解决争议。❷调解通常在劳资争议中由中立的第三方为争议双方进行调停,以寻求争议的解决。❸(国际法)调停指将争端提交某委员会解决的程序,该委员会的任务是阐明事实,提出解决争端的建议,但其建议不具有仲裁裁决或判决的约束力。

▲常指法庭审判前或劳资争议仲裁前让当事人通过友好的非对抗方式协议谈判解决争议,不强调第三人的作用,也多表示一种过程,有时等于mediation。

英文释义

①The settlement of a dispute in an agreeable manner.

②The process of trying to get disputants to stop arguing and agree.

③More specifically, a process in which aneutral person meets with the parties to a dispute and explores how the dispute might be resolved; esp., a relatively unstructured method of dispute resolution in which a third party facilitates communication between parties in an attempt to help them settle their differences. Some jurisdictions, such as California,have Family Conciliation Courts to help resolve problems within the family.

Reconciliation

干货 | 法律英语词义辨析:调解

中文词义

n.❶(家事法)和解;修好;和好❷调停;调解❸对账。会计用语

▲指调停争端,使双方重新恢复原有的协调关系,尤指夫妻双方自愿恢复夫妻共同生活关系,故为“重修旧好”。

英文释义

①Restoration of harmony between personsor things that had been in conflict.

②Family law, Voluntary resumption, after a separation, of full marital relations between spousesCf., CONDONATION (2).

③Accountining. An adjustment of accounts so that they agree, esp. by allowing for outstanding items .

Settlement

中文词义

n.❶(财产的)授予;转让;设定;财产授予契据。通常指财产所有人以遗嘱等方式对其家庭成员设定遗产的分配,包括委托受托人代为管理和执行遗产,以及夫妻婚前财产设定等,其结果可不同于受益人作为继承人依法所能取得的。❷(纠纷或诉讼的)和解;解决❸(债务的)支付;清偿;结算❹(遗嘱或遗产的)完全执行

▲通常指当事人通过谈判达成协议以了结法律诉讼,常指一种mediation的结果,多为庭外进行,故为“(庭外)协议调解”。

英文释义

①The conveyance of property- or of interests in property -to provide for one or more beneficiaries, usu. members of the settlors family, in a way that differs from what the beneficiaries would receive as heirs under the statutes of descent and distribution .

②An agreement ending a dispute or lawsuit . - also termed settlement agreement.

干货 | 法律英语词义辨析:调解

③Payment, satisfaction, or final adjustment; esp., an adjustment with regard to accounts.

④A fixed time or period for settling accounts or concluding a transaction.

⑤Wills & estates. The complete execution of an estate by the executor .

⑥The establishment of a legal residence ● This sense was frequently used in poor-relief contexts. Cf. (insense 6) STATUS OF IRREMOVABILITY

⑦A regular or settled place ofliving; one's dwelling-place or residence.

⑧An area of a country newly occupied by those intending to live and work there; a colonized region.

Compromise

中文词义

n.❶和解协议。为避免诉讼,争议双方相互妥协达成的和解协议;❷争议和解协议。在法庭内或庭外达成的解决争议的协议,双方虑及法律及事实上的不确定性,而公平解决争议;❸了结争议的协议。争议各方根据此协议履行和解。

▲ 强调双方当事人的妥协让步。

英文释义

① An agreement between two or more persons to settle matters in dispute between them; an agreement for the settlement of a real or supposed claim in which each party surrenders something in concession to the other - Also termed compromise and settlement; (erroneously)compromise settlement. See COMPOSITION (1).

② A debtor's partial payment coupled with the creditor's promise not to claim the rest of the amount due or claimed.

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